the southern gateway to Malaysia
The transformation of modern Johor took place in the 19th century
under then region of HRH Sultan Abu Bakar. He gave Johor the first constitution
for a Malay state and introduced a proper system of administrative government
and began Johorís drive toward stability and prosperity. In 1885 he was given
official recognition as the Sultan of Johor by Queen Victoria and earned the
title as Ď the Father of Modern Johorí.